Research Methods

07/1


Research methods: tools instruments that used to accomplish the goals and attribute of conducting a research process



Set of specific techniques for selecting cases, measuring, observing aspect of life, gathering, refining data, analyzing data, reporting on results

Research: systematized effort to gain new knowledge

Pay attention to research topic before conducting research

Pay attention to your competency

Novelty in research: What and how

Find literature review, pay attention to the limitation, state of the art. It give us previous studies, research funding so far.

Make sure about Data avaibility
Having SGD and interview govt

Research: Look for problem solution
Discover answers to intellectual and practical problems through the application of scientific method

Systematic process of collect,analyze data in order understanding the phenomenon

Careful study of a spesific problem using scientific method

Research is conducted with purpose to understand
What do organization really want to find out
What are the process that need to be followed to chase the idea
What the argument that need to be built around a concept
What the evidence that will be required that people believe

Characteristic of research
Systematic approach. Sequence. Fully described
Practice ethic and code
Based on logical reasoning, involve both inductive and deductive methods
Data derived in real time, actual observation in natural setting
In depth analysis so there are no anomalies

Research create new question based on your research problem.
Can be generated from existing research
Analytical in nature. No ambiguity in inference
Accuracy
Accurate and true to its nature

A systematic means of problem solving

Systematic
Logical
Empirical
Replicable

Can start from topic or problem
Starting from problem give advantage. It's a good start
Clearly defined. Giving practical problem review

No diff between PP research and others
PP to deal with policy or give recommendation
Ex: policy ganjil genap in pandemic
Qualitative research gather opinion from elite birokrat
There is statistical techique strategy for handling it
Statistical testing to validate the statements

Having sistematic literature review
Problem can derived from previous further question after their findings

Mix method:qualitative and quantitative

Data avaibility (not really novelt vs novelty (lack data)?
Choose Data avaibility

It's possible get tangible&intangible findings

Purpose of research
Research types
Qualitative: help in depth understanding of the problem. Non statistical research method

Sample size 6-10 people
Open ended question

Quantitative research: uses computational.

Closed ended question

Scope of research methods

3 groups research methods:
Data collection
Analyzing
Evaluation. Testing hypothesis

The use research methods
How. Conducting the research process
Research design
Determination of variable and data sources
Data collection
Data analysis and interpretation

Choose scientific research methods that suit research type
Data collection
Observation
Survey
Interview
Expert judgment
Role play
Focus group
Agency record data

Data analysis
Qualitative:content,narrative, discourse, framework,case study analysis
Quantitative: descrp,inferential

Research process and timeline
Problem
Review concept and theori
Review previous research findings
Formulate hypothesis
Design research
Collect data
Analyze data
Interpret and report

Feed back
Feed forward

Prepare
Pay attention to
Research topics
Methods
Research background
Data
Literature review
Communication

T1
Topic
Reference
Literature review
Background

T2
Systematic lit review
State of the Art
Formulate hypothesis
Object
T3
Methodology
Design n process
Instrument
T4
Finalize t1-t4
Prepare Data collect,analyze
Research kickoff
T5
Collect data
T6
Process data
T7
Analyze
T8
Report

Don't make hypothesis that difficult to answer.
Support by data
Hypothesis is based on and related to research problem/research objectives

Different type research impact to different tools and instruments

How to define your research project
Understanding 5 W+ H
WHAT
WHY
Interested in topic
Identified gap
Obtain funding
Aid decision making
WHO
Participant, responden
WHERE
venue, safe and comfortable
WHEN
HOW to conduct research

Find topic spesific enough to let you master info
Question that topic until catch interest
Determine the kinds of evidence that support your answer
Determine whether you can find this evidence

3 component
Topic: compentency
Question: coz i want to find...
Significance: to help..

Lit review
Research topic
Problem
Goal
Methods
Findings
Contribution

Rate
Writing structure
Clarity of description
Argument logic
Overall article eligibility